- TVET increasingly important, producing occupationally skilled youth as its dual system focuses on workplace training and hands-on experience.
- Greater focus on skill-heavy education track can be one of the ways to address pressing challenges among youth, such as high NEET and unemployment rates, exacerbated by Covid-19 pandemic.
- International evidence, such as from Germany, suggests strong TVET system results in fewer school dropouts and smoother school-to-work transition.
- Consistent and coordinated efforts needed to tackle longstanding hindrances in TVET ecosystem linked to social stigma,fragmented governance, teaching delivery and inadequate infrastructure.
Institute of Strategic & International Studies (ISIS) Malaysia